## How to find the reciprocal of a complex number?

This article has been authored by Djeet,the Maths editor at Xamplified,who has over four years of experience in teaching Mathematics.His write-ups at Xamplified can truly be termed ‘Examplified’ as he breaks down complex maths concepts into simple how-to steps.

Table Of Content

## Brush Up Basics

### Step 1 : Invert the number

If z = a + i b is a complex number, then reciprocal of it is given by

### Step 2: Multiply numerator and denominator by conjugate

Multiply numerator and denominator of the inverted number by conjugate of denominator.

### Step 3: Simplify and find the reciprocal

Simplify above equation in step (2). Numerator is multiplied by 1 and is already simplified.

Numerator = a + i b

The denominator needs to be simplified.

Denominator = (a + i b) (a – i b) is of the form of (A + B)*(A – B) = A² – B²

Therefore,

(a + i b) (a – i b) = a² – (i b)²
= a² – i² b²
= a² + b²

Therefore,

Hence, it is multiplicative inverse (or reciprocal) of complex number, z.

## Example to clear it all

Find the reciprocal of complex number 2 + 2i

Then

## Observations to give you insight

Observe the numerator and denominator of multiplicative inverse carefully. Numerator is the conjugate of given complex number while denominator is the square of modulus of same complex number.

This observation can be used to quickly calculate reciprocal of any complex number.

## Tips to make life easier

Always use this result

to establish a flow diagram and perform calculation in mind.